ICA Housing Symposium – Co-operative and Community-led Regeneration Partnerships
The Symposium explored how citizens and governments can creatively work together and apply co-operative principles and ideals to participate successfully in the regeneration of urban settlements and rise to the challenge of creating communities in cities of the future that are socially, economically and environmentally sustainable.
Keynote speech: Professor Wulf Daseking, Head of Urban Planning – City of Freiburg, Germany
Partnership between housing co-operatives and governments in successful affordable housing development projects
David Rodgers, President – ICA Housing
Vít Vaníček, President, Union of Czech and Moravian Housing Co-operatives (Czech), President of Cecodhas – the European Federation of social, co-operatives and public housing
Nicholas Gazzard, Vice-President – ICA Housing, Chief Executive – Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada
Housing co-operatives can influence and participate in urban regeneration and transformation for sustainable, participatory, democratic and affordable housing projects
Faruk Göksu, Urban Strategy Ltd – Urban Planner, İstanbul (Turkey)
Cristiano Picco, Architetto, PICCO architetti -Cooperativa Di Vittorio (Italy)
Behiye Gül Deliktaş, Head of Housing Credits Department, Housing Development Administration (Turkey)
Site visit to Yeşilkent Mass Housing Project
As an introduction to the housing co-operative sector in Turkey, delegates at the Istanbul Symposium were given the opportunity to visit one of Türkkent’s member co-ops, the Yeşilkent Mass Housing Project in the Gürpınar, Büyükçekmece District of İstanbul.
Completed in 2002, the scheme is a triumph of partnership working as 35 housing co-operatives under the Union of Yesilkent Housing Co-operatives manage 3,200 homes in 45 colourful tower blocks. At the Yesilkent Mass Housing Project, the tower blocks are based within a gated compound around a centre comprising a pretty waterfall, children’s beach playground, local café and small shops.
Kenan Yazici, manager, explained that the project, which was founded in 1991, started by making applications tovarious municipalities and government agencies for land.In 1993, 200 hectares of land were assigned to them by Gürpınar Municipality. Construction started in 1997.
Kenan explained that the large Marmara earth-quake in 1999 was a worrying time but, thankfully, the only damage was to the capillary walls on the ground floors of the buildings. After the earthquake, all the buildings were examined by İstanbul Technical University Housing and Earthquake Application and Research Center, which determined that “the buildings were free of damage and had the same security before the earth-quake”. This was due to the fact that the materials and labour used for the project, and for the infrastructure works, was carried out to the highest standard, which unfortunately is not predominant in other construction around the city.
Features of the estate include all the technical infrastructure investments necessary for modern life, all of which were financed by the members without any support from local administration.These include:
- sewer works
- rain water canalisation
- post office department channel and cable works
- water supply network
- low and medium voltage electric lines
- 7 transformer buildings serving all co-operatives
- central cablesat system
- 3.500 underground car parking spaces monitored by a special controller with 24-hour security, CCTV
In the garden areas facilities include:
- childrens play parks
- sports complexes
- garden areas
- and social and cultural facilities
The green areas are regularly irrigated and the trees and landscape areas well maintained. It is of note that, in comparison to other areas in İstanbul, the green area ratio of Yeşilkent is much higher.
ICA Housing board would like to thank members of the co-op, Türkkent and Yeşilkent’s manager, Kenan, for welcoming them to such an exemplar project.